Australia is well known to support a diverse and large fauna of potentially deadly animals, and when people think about Australia it is only natural to think about snakes. Containing 228 species of snakes, Australia has one of the highest snake species counts of any country in the world (The Reptile Database, 2020). It is, therefore, a given that human interests come into conflict with snakes regularly. Even with the regularity of contact and an abundance of species Australia has a low bite and death rate compared to other countries of similar population and snake densities. These low incident numbers are mainly due to a good education and healthcare system, as well as an abundance of snake catchers in densely populated areas.
Up until quite recent times, successful treatment of snakebites from highly venomous species in Australia was scarce, and the attitude towards snakes reflected this with the phrase “The only good snake is a dead snake” often surfacing. After the introduction of efficient antivenom and modern health care, fatalities from snakebites have declined and information on snakes have been distributed resulting in a healthier attitude towards these animals and a reduction in conflict. Today Australia has around 3000 snakebite incidents yearly, with a fatal outcome in 1-2 of those cases (Johnstone et al., 2017).
The negative attitude towards snakes have unfortunately not fully disappeared, and it seems to linger in the older percentage of the population, as well as in the rural areas of the country where medical help is far away. It is also in these rural areas where most snakebite incidents occur, often when people try to handle the problem on their own by approaching the animal either trying to catch or dispose of it. But in the more densely populated areas, we see a positive trend where the public, more often than not, call a snake catcher to assist them with problem animals.
In Townsville, a small city in Northern Queensland, we are around 10 active snake catchers with roughly 100 relocations per catcher per year. Around 30 different species of snakes occur in this region, where most are harmless to humans, but to the untrained eye, a harmless species can look highly venomous as many Australian snakes sport the same colouration. Snake catchers, and ID-groups on social media, therefore, provide an important service to help resolve human-snake conflict by relieving frightened people by either identifying a snake or relocating it. Incidents involving venomous snakes have thus declined over the years as information and assistance from trained professionals have become more accessible.
Enjoy reading about Human-Snake Conflict in Australia? Check out some of BioWeb’s related articles:
Utez, P., Hallermann J., & Hosek, J. (2020, June 29). The Reptile Database: Advanced Search, Zoological Museum Hamburg. http://reptile-database.reptarium.cz/advanced_search?taxon=Serpentes&location=Australia&exact%5B0%5D=location&submit=Search
Johnston, C. I., Ryan, N. M., Page, C. B., Buckley, N. A., Brown, S. G., O’Leary, M. A., & Isbister, G. K. (2017). The Australian Snakebite Project, 2005–2015 (ASP-20). Medical Journal of Australia, 207(3), 119-125. doi:10.5694/mja17.00094
Leave a Reply